Daniel Hellane was born on September 21, 1838. The earliest U.S. Census record that I have been able to find, so far, is 1860. He was living in Quincy Township and was working as a day laborer. He was born in Maryland. Daniel’s mother Catharine Helain (56) was the head of household; she was born in Pennsylvania. Her personal estate was valued at $150. Also, living in the house was Elizabeth (18), wife of Daniel.
On August 8, 1862, Daniel was mustered into Co. E, 126th PA Volunteer Infantry. Company E was from the Waynesboro area, which included Quincy Township. The regiment was camped in the Falmouth, VA area for most it’s tour of duty. The 126th just missed the Battle of Antietam but fought in the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. The 126th also participated in the infamous Mud March and just before the regiment was mustered out on May 20, 1863, the men fought in the Battle of Chancellorsville. Although the 1890 Special Veterans Schedule lists Daniel as being in Co. K, 126th PAV, the history of the 126th indicates he was a private in Company E, without promotions, and there were no additional remarks. His Pennsylvania Veterans Burial Card verifies that he was in Company E.
After Daniel was discharged on May 20, 1863, he returned to his home in Quincy Township. He served nine months and 18 days. Within a couple weeks after discharge, Daniel, like many other 126th men, was required to register for the draft, because he was still of an eligible age. He was 24, single, and his occupation was a cooper. Only one other man, besides Daniel, on page 228 of the registration ledger had served as a nine-monther. The other 18 men on the page had not yet served in the Civil War.
Between June 1863 and July 18, 1870, Daniel Hellane (31) and Elizabeth (26) moved to the Borough of Greencastle. They had one daughter, Isabella C., who was two years old. Daniel’s family was number 206, in dwelling number 175. A numerical listing of dwellings/houses was kept by each census taker. Each family was also given a number, in order of visitation. Within dwelling 175, there were three families – Family 204 – Charles Shillito (30), blacksmith, his wife and three children, Peter Mutersbough (48), a blacksmith, and his wife, and 20 year old son; Family 205 – Henry Hellane (37), stone mason, and his wife and two children; Family 206 – Daniel Hellane, Elizabeth, and Isabella. The 1870 census is the only census, so far, that I’ve found both Daniel and Henry recorded, such close proximity, which leads one to assume they may be brothers.
Between census page 24 and 29, the craftsman occupations included 25 people: two carpenters, butcher, two ministers, farmer, farm worker, and retired farmer, fence maker, teacher, three blacksmiths, two coopers, chair maker, tailor and tailoress, domestic servant, printer, saddler, three shoe makers, a constable, and David Shirey, a cabinet maker and undertaker. There were, also, 13 individuals who worked in larger companies and industries; they included: store clerk, moulder in foundry, woolen mill worker, railroad clerk, two pump makers, three stone mason, two warehouse workers, two brick yard workers, and Christian Hoover, the owner of the brick yard, on South Cedar Lane, across from Crowell Manfacturing.
The 1870 census was taken post-war and during the time the great industrialization of America was picking up momemtum. In Greencastle, Jacob B. Crowell had a number of partners from pre-Civil War to the late 1800s. Crowell’s manufacturing complex produced plows, stoves, farm bells, and custom made castings for equipment used on local area farms, grain drills and hay rakes, which were both horse drawn. The factory employed about 10 to 20 laborers. In 1861, Crowell moved the factory to South Cedar Lane, next to the area’s first steam powered sawmill that was owned by Rev. Edwin Emerson, Gen. David Detrich and William H. Davison. These three men of Greencastle were on the cutting edge of the new technology for that era, and weren’t afraid to take the chance of investing in it. Established in 1860, the saw mill made lumber for doors, door sashes and other construction needs. From this time forward, neither factories nor mills would need to rely on water power to run their machinery. Both the foundry and the steam-powered sawmill in Greencastle changed the economic demographics of Greencastle. Even in the beginning, with only 10-20 employees, each business could out produce any of the skilled town’s craftsmen. Everyday family needs such as, furniture, hardware, clothing, hats, shoes, stoves and many more items were being brought into town, and were being sold at lower prices than the costs being charged by the craftsmen. In addition to general stores, which still prospered, specialty stores started to open in town in which mass-produced items were sold. The local artisans could not compete with mass production. In the early 1880s, the capital stock of Crowell’s company was worth $200,000.00. J.B. Crowell Company was one of the largest employers in Franklin County, employing as many as 200 workers in its prime.
Industrialization affected many Civil War veterans, like Daniel, in their mid-lives, by forcing them to change their careers. On the 1880 U.S. Census, Daniel’s occupation was “works in machine shop,” perhaps at Crowell Manufacturing. The census, also, says that Daniel’s father was born in Darmstadt, Germany; his mother was born in Pennsylvania, and he was born in Washington County, Maryland. Isabella was 12 years old and was attending school.
On June 18, 1886, in the Corp. Rihl Post #438 minute book, “The following Com(rades) on decoration was appointed Comrades Shirey, Byers, McDonald, Hellane, Carpenter. Comrades Brenizer, Davis, Palmer, Poper, Jacob, Easton, Morehead, Wentling, Swisher, Hellane, Kuntz, and Patton were named as guards of honor to escort the remains of Corp. Rihl to his final resting place on the (June) 22nd. The following Comrades were appointed to act as pall bearers at the reinterment Comrades Shirey, Eby, Snively, Showalter, Speck, Stickell, and Ruthrauff.” Hellane was dropped from the membership of Post #438 on September 17, 1886. There were no remarks given. He most likely stopped attending the meetings.
The1890 Veterans Schedule enumeration of Civil War veterans in Greencastle and Antrim Township was done during June 1890. On July 12, 1890, Daniel applied for his pension funds as an invalid.
In June 1900, Daniel (61) and Elizabeth (54) were renting a home on Jefferson Street in Greencastle. They had been married for 33 years. Elizabeth had borne three children, two of whom were still living. Elizabeth could neither read nor write. Daniel’s occupation was listed as day laborer and he had been out of work for 12 months.
Daniel Hellane died on December 25, 1902, almost 113 years ago. He was 64 years, three months and four days old. He is buried in Section A, Lot 63, in Cedar Hill Cemetery, Antrim Township, Franklin County, PA. Within eight days of his death, Elizabeth applied for Daniel’s pension on January 2, 1903. Elizabeth’s occupation was always listed as keeping house on the census records; she had not worked outside the home. Elizabeth was born on May 20, 1846 and died on September 18, 1909, aged 63 years, four months, and two days old. She is buried alongside her husband Daniel.
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