James C. Eachus
James C. Eachus was the son of Phineus and Harriet Stine Eachus. He was born on September 17, 1842. On the 1850 U.S. Census, taken in Greencastle, Phineus was 61 years old, and his occupation was “farmer,” as was his 29 year old son Jesse. Perhaps they were share croppers, as they lived in town and did not own real estate. Harriet’s age was recorded as 46. The age difference between Phineus’ first two children is 10 years, which leads me to believe that Harriet may have been his second wife. The other children in the household were: Sarah C. (19), Malissa (17), Hannah (15), George (10), James (8), Joseph (6), Anna (4), and William (2).
On the Greencastle 1858 map, it indicates that P. Eachus owned the building (McCulloh’s Tavern, currently the Chinese Restaurant) and lot on the southeast corner of the square at South Carlisle Street. The 1868 map indicates the lot and building were then owned by Mrs. Eachus.
Due to the abbreviated spelling of the names, by Jos. Cooper, the census taker in 1860, it took quite a while to find the Eachus family. Cooper spelled the surname as Eaches and only used P for Phineus. Phineus was still listed as a farmer. The corner building and lot were worth $11,750 and his personal estate was valued at $1,500. His sons, Jesse (39), with a personal estate of $500, and Joseph (17) were, also, farmers. George (21) was a machinist, quite possibly working for J. B. Crowell. James (19) was a clerk. Anna (14) and William (13) were attending school. There were two others living in the household, N. Mowery (55), female, and A. Poorman (56), male, a laborer. There is no notation that they were boarders, within the Eachus household. The children were educated in the local schools, according to the “History of Franklin County, Penna. 1887.”
James Eachus was a volunteer and enlisted, as private, in Co. K, 126th PA Volunteer Infantry on August 7, 1862. On September 22, 1862, James was permanently detailed to Provost Guard duty at the headquarters of the Fifth Corps, and remained in that roll, until the end of his service on May 20, 1863, when he was mustered out with the rest of his regiment.
During the 1863 Civil War draft registration, the three oldest sons of Phineus and Harriet were registered, as if they were living in Antrim Township. Jesse was 43, single, and a gentleman. George W., 22 and single, was a tobacconist – one who deals in the sale of cigars, pipes, humidors, and other accoutrements. James C., 20, was still single and worked as a clerk. There was no mention, in the registration book, of his prior Civil War service.
I was only able to find Harriet (52) and Hannah (33), together, and William (21) on the 1870 census in Greencastle. Phineus died between the 1860 census and the time the 1868 Greencastle map was published. Harriet, who was keeping house, in 1870, inherited her husband’s estate (the building and lot, in the text above) which was valued at $8,000, while her personal estate was valued at $2,500. Harriet, with a large house decided to open a boarding house, where she and Hannah continued to live. It is my supposition that she hired Jacob Nutter to keep her boarding house. Jacob was 56 and his personal estate was given as $1,500. His wife Nancy (40) and sons Milford (15), a clerk in a store, Samuel (13), and Emory (4) were living in the same dwelling with Harriet. The other boarders included attorney John DeGolby (24), David Stouffer (30), a dentist, and Samuel Funk (55), a physician. One other person, Nancy Nower, also lived in the house. William was living in the William Kreps family household; there was no occupation given for William.
I found George Eachus in the First Ward, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, during the 1870 census. He was living in a boarding house and was, as listed in the 1863 Civil War draft registration book, a cigar maker. Although I located, George, I could not find James in the 1870 Pittsburgh census, even though the “History of Franklin County, Penna. 1887” says that James “soon afterward (upon his discharge on May 20, 1863) located at Pittsburgh.” The same article continued to say that James Eachus married Susan Kennedy (born May 11, 1852), on December 20, 1870. She was the daughter of Lazarus and Susan Brewer Kennedy, of Montgomery Township, Franklin County. The married couple lived in Pittsburgh for three years after their marriage, and then James and Susan returned to the Greencastle-Antrim area. They had one child, a daughter Charlotte, who was born December 13, 1873.
In 1880, during the census, Harriet, a boarder, was living with her daughter, Annie, and her husband C. H. Fulweiler, a liquor dealer in Greencastle. They were living next door to Joshua Yous, formerly a Greencastle gunsmith, but who was a grocer in 1880. Joshua Yous built the first three-story brick building in Greencastle, where the bakery is today. The name Yous is on a block, above the transom and middle door, on the west wall facing Carlisle Street. Therefore, my assumption is that Harriet’s son-in-law, C. H. Fulweiler, bought the Eachus property from Harriet.
Finally, I decided to go through each of the 38 pages of the 1880 Greencastle U.S. Census to look for James. Knowing he had always worked as a clerk, most likely in a hotel, I was looking for the hotels in Greencastle and lucked into finding James Cachus, clerk, on page one, at the Shirey Hotel, on North Carlisle Street. Today, the building is known as the Franklin House. The person who transcribed Eachus could not read the long-hand script and thought the E was a C. Susan and Charlotte were not living at the hotel and I have not yet found them in the 1880 census.
In 1889, James applied for his Civil War Pension on September 13. He was listed as an invalid. In 1890, James was enumerated along with the other Civil War veterans on the U.S. Census Special Schedule. There was no notation made about ill health on the document. James, Susan Amanda, and Lottie ----- were living on Baltimore Street, in 1900 during the census. James was then a proprietor of a hotel and he owned property. Charlotte “Lottie” had been married for eight years but had no children. Her husband was not listed in the household. There were three boarders, including George Eachus, and three servants. The 1887 Franklin County history book says that James was a clerk at the “Crowell House,” formerly owned by James Shirey, and known today as the Franklin House on North Carlisle Street.
In 1910, James (67) was still clerking at a hotel and he and Susan Amanda (56) were still living on East Baltimore Street. Their servant Annie Harris was still living with them. In 1920, Charlotte (46) and her husband Bruce Byers (41) were living with James and Susan Amanda. Charlotte was working in the stocking factory on South Washington Street and Bruce was a house painter.
James Eachus died in the year 1920, sometime between January 12, 1920, the date of the U.S. Census, and January 27, 1920, the date Susan Amanda applied for his pension. He is buried Section 27, Lot 35, Cedar Hill Cemetery, Antrim Township, Franklin County, PA.
Susan Amanda continued to live, for some time, in their home at 120 East Baltimore Street. She was listed in both the 1926 and 1928 city directories for Greencastle. Susan Amanda died in 1936 and is buried alongside her husband James. Their daughter Charlotte and her husband Bruce Byers are, also, buried in the same family plot.
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