The last two Soldier’s Stories, March 5, 2014 and March 12, 2014, have been about Michael Diehl Reymer and Archibald Reymer, who were first cousins. Their fathers George and Jacob were brothers, sons of Philip Reamer.
This week’s Soldier’s Story is about John Wesley Mummert, born September 10, 1843, son of Daniel and Susanna Gelwicks Mummert. The Reymers and Mummerts are genealogically connected through John W. Mummert, who married Annie Mariah Myers. John’s and Annie’s daughter Rebecca Katherine Mummert, born August 13, 1871, married Barnabus Myers. Their youngest child, Estella Rebecca Myers, born March 28, 1909, married Robert Charles Reymer. They became the parents of Robert C. Reymer Jr., Greencastle, and Andrew Reymer, Mount Joy, PA. John W. Mummert was the great-grandfather of Bob and Andy Reymer. Bob and Andy had two great-grandfathers, Archibald Reymer and John Mummert, who both fought in the Civil War and they both served together in Co. K, 21st PA Cavalry, out of the Upton, PA area, from August 1, 1863 to February 20, 1864. John Garns, also from the same area, was the blacksmith in Co. K, and served beside Archibald Reymer and John Mummert. Garns’ Soldier’s Story was published on January 29, 2014 therefore please refer to his story to review Co. K’s six-month Civil War history.
The Mummert lineage simplified is: Daniel Mummert, his son John Mummert, his daughter Rebecca Mummert Myers, and her daughter Estella Myers married Robert C. Reymer, whose sons are Robert C. Reymer Jr. and Andrew Reymer.
In 1850, during the recording of the U.S. Census in Peters Township, Daniel and Susannah Myers Mummert were living in the same dwelling with his parents Adam, 63, and Esther, 61, Mummert. Their children were Catharine, 34; George, 27; Mary Ann, 25; and Samuel, 16. Adam was a farmer and his real estate was valued at $6,200. In the same farmhouse was their son, Daniel, 29, and his wife Susanna, 32. They had four children: Malinda Eichelberger, 7; John, 6; Jeremiah, 4; and William was one year old. There were 12 people, two families, living under one roof, in Peters Township.
By the time the 1860 census was taken, Daniel and Susanna had their own home in Montgomery Township. Daniel’s occupation was laborer. Their children were John Wesley, 16 – laborer; William, 10; Rebecca, 8; Mary, 5; and Esther, five months. Their children Jeremiah and Malinda, who were on the 1850 census, were not in the household. Daniel did not own his home or land.
In 1863, all eligible men were required to register for the draft during the summer months. John was nearly 20 when he enlisted, as a private, August 1, 1863, in Co. K, 21st PA Cavalry, also known at the 182nd PA. John mustered out with his regiment on January 25, 1864. Seven months later on August 24, 1864, John Mummert married Annie Mariah Myers. Six months later, John was drafted again. He was mustered into Co. F, 79th PA Infantry, on February 22, 1865. John was 21, had gray eyes, dark hair, and a fair complexion. He was 5’5” in height.
The 79th was originally organized on September 19, 1861, the men of which served bravely throughout the duration of the Civil War. During John’s tour of duty, in the 79th PA Infantry, the regiment was involved in the Campaign of the Carolinas, which included the Battle of Bentonville, from March 19 to 21, 1865, and a few days after that the Occupation of Goldsboro on March 24. The 79th participated in the advance on Raleigh, April 9 to 13 and then occupied Raleigh, NC on April 14, 1865, the day President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Twelve days later, John was present for the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston and the Army of the Tennessee, which also included all other Confederate soldiers still fighting on the Eastern seaboard, to Gen. William T. Sherman, at Bennett’s House on April 26, 1865. Johnston’s surrender turned over 89, 270 Confederate soldiers, the largest single surrender of the war. Between April 29 and May 20, the 79th PA Infantry marched through Richmond, VA to Washington City and participated in the Grand Review on May 24, 1865. The men of the 79th were mustered out on July 12, 1865, near Alexandria, VA. The 79th, during almost four full years of service lost four officers and 118 enlisted men from battle wounds and one officer and 145 enlisted men from disease. Twenty-four more men were lost due to disease than from battle wounds. Even more men, like John Mummert, dealt with the diseases and disabilities that they acquired while in service, for the rest of their lives.
John and Annie were living in Montgomery Township in 1870. They did not own their home or land. He was still working as a laborer and their children, who were still living at home, were Susan A., 4; Hettie E., 3; Mary A., 1; and William E., born in February, was five or six months old.
I could not find an 1870 census record for Daniel and Susanna and only one of their children, Rebecca J., 28, was living with them, in 1880 on their farm. Daniel Mummert died on July 26, 1899, at the age of 78 years, 4 months, and 19 days. He and his wife are buried in the Cedar Hill Cemetery, Antrim Township, Franklin County, PA.
On the June 16, 1880 census, John and Annie had four more children – Rebecca K., 8; Samuel L., 6; Lillie M., 5; and Malinda D., 3. Three of the four older children were still living with their parents and siblings. They were Susan, 14; Mary, 11; and William, 10. Hettie, 13, was not in this household, on the day the census was taken but family records show that she grew up and married George Brooks.
John was recorded on the 1890 census Special Schedule, for Civil War veterans and their survivors, along with his neighbors who also served during the Civil War. Their post offices were either Upton or Welsh Run. On the same page as John’s name were these comrades: John Garns, Benjamin Myers, James Brewer, Lazarus Pensinger, Martin Elliott, Jacob Zimmerman, Lewis Hinkle, William Wolff, and George Wolff.
John’s post office address was Upton, which means he most likely lived closer to Upton than Welsh Run. The disabilities incurred during his tours of duty were “Chronic Rheumatism (rheumatoid arthritis) and Asthma,” from which he still suffered. John applied for disability on July 30, 1890. From that time forward, there were numerous government documents, such as Declaration for Invalid Pension, Physician’s Affidavit, Neighbor’s Affidavit, General Affidavit, and more that were filled out multiple times, notarized, and sent to the War Department, the Department of Interior, Bureau of Pensions. One of Dr. Henry “Harry” Chritzman’s examination affidavits says, “That he (John – 47) is partially unable to earn a support by manual labor by reason of chronic diarrhea, and rheumatism, also piles.” Another affidavit mentions constant, severe pain and numbness, liver problems and angina. John B. Bingaman’s affidavit, as a neighbor, dated March 6, 1891, said that John Mummert, “in estimation is able to do 1/3 of an able bodied man’s work.” As per the Act of June 27, 1890, John received $8.00 per month invalid pension. Seventeen years later, Congress passed another pension Act of February 6, 1907, after which he received an increase of four dollars. Commencing February 25, 1907, John received $12 per month, which is most likely what he was receiving upon his death in 1910. Theodore Roosevelt was president, Oklahoma became the 46th state, and the pandemic bubonic plague peaked, worldwide, in 1907. In spite of an economic depression due to a fall in the stock market, the U.S. auto industry produced 43,000 cars and 1,000 trucks, while the total of automobile registrations was more than 140,000. Speed became an issue when the automobile became more and more popular. The U.S. Secretary of State, Elihu Root, wanted federal troops sent to Glen Echo, MD to protect diplomats, with diplomatic immunity, from being arrested for speeding, by the local law enforcement in Glen Echo.
On the 1900 U.S. Census, only one of their children, the youngest John H., 15, was living with John and Annie. John, 56, and Annie, 55, had been married 35 years. John, now listed as a farmer, owned his farm but was paying on a mortgage.
In 1910, on April 30, during the U.S. Census, John and Annie were living on the Hagerstown–Welsh Run Road, alone, on their farm and were still paying off a mortgage. John’s occupation at 66 years of age was a “milk hauler” for a creamery. John and Annie had been married 45 years. Annie, 64, had born 12 children, seven of whom were still living.
Samuel, the second of three sons, was living next door to his parents, on the Hagerstown–Welsh Run Road. He was 36, owned his farm but was paying off a mortgage. He and his wife Nettie, 35, had six children. They were John E., 16; Luther F., 12; Leslie F., 9; Besse C., 7; Alvin R., 5; and Herbert S., 10 months. Samuel and Nettie had been married 16 years and one of their seven children had died. Samuel’s sons John, and Luther, even at the age of 12, were both farm workers.
John Wesley Mummert, born September 10, 1843, died on October 2, 1910, at the age of 67, just five months and two days after the 1910 census. He is buried in the Welsh Run Brethren Cemetery, which was also known as the Dunkard Cemetery. Annie applied for John’s disability benefits on October 8, 1910. Annie Mariah Myers Mummert, born March 2, 1846, daughter of Peter and Susan Teach Myers, died August 21, 1922, at the age of 76 years, five months, and 19 days old. She is buried alongside her husband in the Brethren Church Cemetery in Welsh Run, Montgomery Township, Franklin County, PA.
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